Greece Prespa Agreement

In parliamentary democracies, the views of societies and their representatives are generally reoriented by elections. For Greece, the most pessimistic scenario would be that new and established ultranationalist forces and far-right parties (z.B Golden Dawn) gained public discontent and increased their parliamentary influence. The maturity of the Greek political system and its willingness to take care of the implementation of the agreement and to put the daily problems of the population back at the top of the agenda will determine to a large extent whether such a pessimistic scenario takes place. While The Prespa ACCORD has been hailed by the EU, it has proved unpopular on both sides of the border and has sparked street protests by nationalists and far-right groups. Weakened by accusations of treason, no government that has ratified the agreement is yet in office. Among the various flashing provisions of the final agreement between Greece and Northern Macedonia of 17 For example, the ethnohistorical roots of the citizens of Northern Macedonia (Article 7 of the agreement) or the close choreography of the many stages of the conclusion of the agreement (Article 1, paragraph 4), provisions relating to the use of the new name of Northern Macedonia (Article 7 of the agreement) or a close choreography of the many stages of the conclusion of the agreement (Article 1, paragraph 4), or a close choreography of the many stages of the conclusion of the agreement. While references to Erga-omnes jargon are extremely rare in international treaties, especially in bilateral treaties, the use of the name erga omnes, agreed by the selected parties, has been avariant of Greece`s political position during the long negotiations with the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. [2] The result appears to correspond to Greece`s aspirations: Article 1, paragraph 3, point a), provides that the contracting parties use the official name of the Republic of Northern Macedonia erga omnes or, as Article 1, paragraph 8, is firmly referred to as “erga omnes for all uses and purposes”. Article 1, paragraph 5, is continued by pointing out that erga omnes means that both countries also recognize that the terms “Macedonia” and “Macedonian” clearly refer to different historical contexts and cultural legacies. In this way, Northern Macedonia is separated from the ancient Hellenic civilization, developed in antiquity, in historic Macedonia.

Finally, Northern Macedonia revised its constitution to ensure that the agreement is fully implemented on national territory, as well as to remove and/or revise all passages that could be taken into account as part of an irredentist aspiration for Greece. The above analysis aims to highlight the potential legal strategies and challenges it has identified in arguing for an objective effect with respect to the denomination system obtained in the Prespa agreement.