“We need details,” he said, adding that the Assad government had already broken many agreements, including the Russian-Turkish de-escalation zones. The Front front for Liberation (NFL): not a single group, but a coalition formed in 2018, essentially made up of two large groups. The former identifies as part of the more moderate Free Syrian Army; The second, which was joined in August, is another more radical coalition, the Syrian Liberation Front (composed mainly of Ahrar al-Sham and the Nour al-Din al-Zenki movement). The coalition controls areas of rural southern Idlib, rural western Aleppo and some settlements around Idlib City, as announced by the Turkish government with the Strategic Research Center in the Middle East, and is expected to boast between 30,000 and 55,000 rebels, or even up to 70,000 rebels. [Citation required] The coalition is strongly supported by Turkey.   The groups that form the coalition are: Russia has just launched a major initiative to coordinate the return of refugees to Syria, which it seems to be trying to influence with Damascus and invest in reconstruction in Western political normalization. [fn] Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, “Joint Coordination Centre of the Russian Ministry of Defense and the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs for refugees returning to Syria is holding planning meetings in Moscow,” July 20, 2018.Hide Footnote The sight of hundreds of people dying under Russian bombs and hundreds of people who attacked bombs or crossed the Syrian border to Turkey , would make it impossible for Russia to argue that the time has come to ensure this. , the organized return of refugees to Syria. Both the Assad government and Iran welcomed Tuesday`s agreement. Whether by chance or by construction, Russia has helped transform the northwest into something indigestible.
This facilitated the regime`s “reconciliation agreements,” where activists and civilians who refused to live under the regime, or whom the regime refused, were brought north, especially to Idlib, where they concentrated Syria`s most reliable and motivated opponents. [fn] For the prospects of some of the displaced in Idlib and Idlibis, see the comments of the crisis groups, “Voice of Idlib,” July 11, 2018. A Syrian humanitarian coordinator said: “I speak to civilians and local councils. They have a tougher attitude than the military. They refuse surrender. So it is a popular position, more than a military position. Crisis Group Maintenance, Remote via messaging app, August 2018. A former member of the Idlib City Council said: “The city of Idlib has about 700,000 people, that is, in English, overload. People are all scared. It`s a bad situation. And there`s nothing left to run. These are people who have been displaced by the force of Daraa, Ghouta, Aleppo. You have no other recourse. Interview of the crisis group, Antakya, August 2018.Hide Footnote You cannot get to safety and you have nowhere else to go except the already overcrowded Turkish area north of Aleppo or Turkey itself.
[fn] According to demographic data from the Humanitarian Access team From June 2018, 796,623 people live in areas controlled by Turkey`s Aleppo, less than a third of the population of Idlib and its surroundings.